Friday, November 9, 2018

Flucht und Exil (3)



Exil und Emigration

Die Fahrt ins Exil ist the journey of no return‹. Carl Zuckmayer

Es war im April, als ich des Schweizerlandes schönste Stadt verlassen, Zürich, in der ich, eine Emigrantin, ein Jahr gelebt, viele Menschen zwischen ihren Rigis lieb gewonnen. Man lernte „danke“ sagen in der Emigration, aber man hüte sich vor des Wortes Virtuosität! Die Dankbarkeit den kindlichen Hauch der Freude verliert. An den Spender, der ängstlich abwägt, bevor er seine Gabe dem Notleidenden reicht; er verwandelt des Empfängers Annahme oft zu einer verzweifelten, doch heroischen Tat. Im Grunde liegt ein Dünkel darin, liebreiches Präsent zu verschmähen.
Else Lasker-Schüler, Das Hebräerland

Emigration ist keine vom Staat finanzierte Propagandareise und schon gar nicht eine Sommerfrische. Wer in einem fremden Land für dessen Zeitungen und Zeitschriften schreiben will, muß in der Landessprache verflucht sattelfest sein. Ja, er soll sogar die ansässigen Kollegen womöglich auch noch ausstechen durch Originalität der Einfälle und der Technik.

Paul Zech, Deutschland, dein Tänzer ist der Tod

Tuesday, November 6, 2018

Thomas Mann


Flucht und Exil (2)

Daß ein Mann wie Sie, der wie keiner Solidarität mit der Emigration bekundet, von Einzelnen angefeindet wird, überrascht mich und andererseits doch wieder nicht. Emigration bedingt eine Verschiebung des Gleichgewichts, sie ist eine Gleichgewichtsstörung, weil der einzelne plötzlich nicht mehr dasselbe Gewicht im Sinne der Geltung hat wie vordem; das führt dann epidemisch zu seelischen Verstörungen.

 Stefan Zweig und Thomas Mann, The Wyndham Hotel, New York , 29. Juli 1940




Flucht und Exil (1)

Varian Fry, geboren 1907 in New York, ermöglichte im Auftrag des amerikanischen Emergency Rescue Committee, gegründet unter anderem vom Literaturnobelpreisträger und selber geflohenem Thomas Mann, im Zweiten Weltkrieg in Marseille etwa 2000 Menschen die Flucht vor den Nationalsozialisten. Das Rettungsnetzwerks des Journalisten Fry war durchdrungen vom Humanismus und geprägt durch Cleverness. Sein Erinnerungsbuch über die Abgründe der Flucht, über den menschenverachtenden Irrsinn der Verfolgung, liest sich wie ein Kommentar unserer aktuellen Gegenwart. Migration hieß damals Exil. Die ihrer Heimat beraubten, waren damals wie heute unerwünscht und ein Spielball der Politik. Varian Fry war damals ein krimineller Schlepper, heute ist er ein Held mit einer nach ihm im Herzen Berlins benannten Straße. 



„Für wen halten Sie sich eigentlich, daß sie glauben, sich hier vordrängeln zu können?“, schnauzte er auf Französisch. „Gehen Sie gefälligst an Ihren Platz zurück und warten Sie, bis Sie an der Reihe sind.“ Als ich ihm erklärte, ich sei amerikanischer Staatsbürger und hierher gekommen, um mich nach den Visa einiger Flüchtlinge zu erkundigen, für die sich mein Komitee interessiere, änderte sich sein Ton augenblicklich.

Wednesday, October 3, 2018

Aldous Huxley (2011)


Aldous Leonard Huxley (26 July 1894 – 22 November 1963) was an English writer, novelist, philosopher, and prominent member of the Huxley family.

Bridges


Friday, May 25, 2018

Stelios Kazantzidis (Draft)


Stylianos "Stelios" Kazantzidis (Greek: Στέλιος Καζαντζίδης) (29 August 1931 – 14 September 2001) was a prominent Greek singer. A leading singer of Greek popular music, or Laïkó, he collaborated with many of Greece's foremost composers.

Wednesday, May 2, 2018

Marty Feldman



Martin Alan "Marty" Feldman (8 July 1934– 2 December 1982) was a British comedy writer, comedian, and actor, known for his prominent, misaligned eyes. He starred in several British television comedy series, including At Last the 1948 Show and Marty, the latter of which won two BAFTA awards. He was the first Saturn Award winner for Best Supporting Actor for his role in Young Frankenstein.

Friday, April 20, 2018

Rathaus Osnabrück



The historic town hall (Rathaus) of Osnabrück, Germany was built in the late Gothic style from 1487 to 1512. It is one of Osnabrück’s most important buildings and emblems and continues to be used as the city’s town hall today. The Treaty of Westphalia was negotiated and signed by the combatants of the Thirty Years’ War at the town halls of Osnabrück and Münster in 1648.

Saturday, April 14, 2018

Waterloo-Tor - Osnabrück


Waterloo-Tor (English: Waterloo Gate) is a war memorial in Osnabrück, Germany, commemorating the Battle of Waterloo. Along with its surrounding area, the Waterloo-Tor is usually referred to as “Heger Tor” by residents of Osnabrück; the name “Waterloo-Tor” is barely used by locals.

Saturday, April 7, 2018

Petre Ţuţea


Petre Țuțea (Romanian: [ˈpetre ˈt͡sut͡se̯a]; 6 October 1902 – 3 December 1991) was a Romanian philosopher, journalist, and economist.

Saturday, March 17, 2018

Jürgen Habermas


Jürgen Habermas (/ˈjɜːrɡən, ˈjʊərɡən ˈhɑːbərmɑːs/; German: [ˈjʏrɡn̩ ˈhaːbɐmaːs]; born 18 June 1929) is a German sociologist and philosopher in the tradition of critical theory and pragmatism. He is perhaps best known for his theories on communicative rationality and the public sphere. In 2014, Prospect readers chose Habermas as one of their favorites among the "world's leading thinkers."

Associated with the Frankfurt School, Habermas's work focuses on the foundations of social theory and epistemology, the analysis of advanced capitalistic societies and democracy, the rule of law in a critical social-evolutionary context, and contemporary politics, particularly German politics. Habermas's theoretical system is devoted to revealing the possibility of reason, emancipation, and rational-critical communication latent in modern institutions and in the human capacity to deliberate and pursue rational interests. Habermas is known for his work on the concept of modernity, particularly with respect to the discussions of rationalization originally set forth by Max Weber. He has been influenced by American pragmatism, action theory, and even poststructuralism.

Wikipedia

The Art of Seeing


Friday, December 29, 2017

Jean-Paul Sartre



Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre (/ˈsɑːrtrə/; French: [saʁtʁ]; 21 June 1905 – 15 April 1980) was a French philosopher, playwright, novelist, political activist, biographer, and literary critic. He was one of the key figures in the philosophy of existentialism and phenomenology, and one of the leading figures in 20th-century French philosophy and Marxism. His work has also influenced sociology, critical theory, post-colonial theory, and literary studies, and continues to influence these disciplines.

Sartre was also noted for his open relationship with prominent feminist and fellow existentialist philosopher and writer Simone de Beauvoir. Together, Sartre and de Beauvoir challenged the cultural and social assumptions and expectations of their upbringings, which they considered bourgeois, in both lifestyles and thought. The conflict between oppressive, spiritually destructive conformity (mauvaise foi, literally, "bad faith") and an "authentic" way of "being" became the dominant theme of Sartre's early work, a theme embodied in his principal philosophical work Being and Nothingness (L'Être et le Néant, 1943). Sartre's introduction to his philosophy is his work Existentialism and Humanism (L'existentialisme est un humanisme, 1946), originally presented as a lecture. 

He was awarded the 1964 Nobel Prize in Literature but refused it, saying that he always declined official honors and that "a writer should not allow himself to be turned into an institution".

Sunday, November 26, 2017

Martin Niemöller





Friedrich Gustav Emil Martin Niemöller (German: [ˈniːmœlɐ]; 14 January 1892 – 6 March 1984) was a German anti-Nazi theologian and Lutheran pastor. He is best known for a widely-paraphrased statement which he made in different versions, one of which is "First they came for the Socialists, and I did not speak out because I was not a Socialist. ... Then they came for me and there was no one left to speak for me."

He was a national conservative and initially a supporter of Adolf Hitler,[3] but he became one of the founders of the Confessing Church, which opposed the Nazification of German Protestant churches. He vehemently opposed the Nazis' Aryan Paragraph but made remarks about Jews that some scholars have called antisemitic. For his opposition to the Nazis' state control of the churches, Niemöller was imprisoned in Sachsenhausen and Dachau concentration camps from 1938 to 1945. He narrowly escaped execution. After his imprisonment, he expressed his deep regret about not having done enough to help the victims of the Nazis.[4] He turned away from his earlier nationalistic beliefs and was one of the initiators of the Stuttgart Declaration of Guilt. From the 1950s on, he was a vocal pacifist and anti-war activist, and vice-chair of War Resisters' International from 1966 to 1972. He met with Ho Chi Minh during the Vietnam War and was a committed campaigner for nuclear disarmament.

Mezoud in Sidi Bou Said





Square (Animation Film)























Title: Square
Year of Production: 2015
Country of Production: Tunisia
Film-producers: Goethe Institut, Institut Français
Script: Mathias 'Deve' Sitbon (France), Jean Ndjock (Cameroon), Oussama Zikri  (Tunisia).
Animation: Talal Nayer (Sudan), Mathias 'Deve' Sitbon (France)
Coloring: Salma Bouthelja (Tunisia), Oussama Farj (Tunisia), Yannick Bibangue (Cameroon), Talal Nayer (Sudan)
Sound: Jean Ndjock (Cameroon), Yannick Bibangue (Cameroon)
Montage and film editing: Jean Ndjock (Cameroon)
Prizes: Prize of Franco-Allemand contest of short films – Tunisia – (October 2015).