José de Sousa Saramago (16 November 1922 – 18 June 2010) was a laureate Portuguese novelist, playwright and journalist. His works, some of which can be seen as allegories, commonly present subversive perspectives on historic events, emphasizing the human factor.
Saramago was awarded the Nobel in 1998. His books have been translated into 25 languages. He founded the National Front for the Defense of Culture (Lisbon, 1992) with Freitas - Magalhães and others. In the last years of his life, since 1992, he lived in Lanzarote in the Canary Islands, Spain.